The History Of The Two-Party Presidential Vote Mapped

Cloropleths vs Isarithmic: Voting within or without boundaries

There have been two major ways to understand populations and their territorial distribution. In one kind, typified by choropleth maps, the density or degree of a feature is mapped in pre-given political units.*

Cloropleths Map of the Presidential Vote 2008
Cloropleths Map (c) David B. Sparks

As second kind of map, known as isarithmic mapping (…), shows change varying continiously over space.*

isarithmic map of the presidential vote 2008
Isarithmic mapping (c) David B. Sparks

Where chloropleths maps produce a sense of populations as contained within boundaries, isarithmic mapping emphasizes continual variation and gradual change without clear differentiations.*


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Short.ly about Libya

1 Geography

The Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is a country located in North Africa. Freedom of speech, press, assembly, association, and religion are restricted. Independent human rights organizations are prohibited.

2 Country Code Top Level Domains

.ly is the Internet country code top-level domain for Libya. Unlike top-level domains (.com, .net and .org), country-code top level domains (ccTLDs) aren’t regulated by the International Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Each country can set up its own rules.

(c) John Yunker of Byte Level Research LLC. (Poster available at historyshots.com)

3 Linguistics

In the English speaking world the suffix -ly changes an adjective (describing a noun) into an adverb (describing a verb). Adverbs typically answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?

English Language World Map

4 URL Shortening

URL shortening is a technique on the WWW making an internet address shorter in length. This is especially useful on microblogging services such as Twitter.

3 popular URL shortening services are registered in the .ly domain: bit.ly, ow.ly and 3.ly. The most successful service, bit.ly, gets 1.5 billion clicks a week and is the standard Twitter link shortener.

5 Is ccTLD use for generic websites a good idea?

ccTLDs may be useful to create nice and memorable internet addresses, just think of nyti.ms (Montserrat, a British Overseas Territory), tcrn.ch (Switzerland), and goo.gl (Greenland). But county code TLDs were initially intended for use by people within the country of origin. Each country has the power and authority to change the rules for it’s ccTLD at any time.

“It’s not a problem to us if a country wants to restrict its domains to individuals living there,” says Kim Davies from ICANN, the International Corp. for Assigned Names and Numbers that regulates top-level domains (.com, .net and .org). “The original intention was you only register with the country you’re in.” In this regard the handover of power from ICANN to countries seems logical but may especially be a concern with ccTLDs operated by questionable governments.

Libya, for example, remains a dictatorship to the present day. The judiciary is controlled by the government, and there is no right to a fair public trial. Libyans do not have the right to change their government. Freedom of speech, press, assembly, association, and religion are restricted. Independent human rights organizations are prohibited.

The country has absolutely no problem with blocking several foreign-based sites reporting on Libya, and the entire YouTube site. “These web sites were the one recent sign of tangible progress in freedom of expression in Libya. The government is returning to the dark days of total media control.” says Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East director of Human Rights Watch. Last month Libya’s regulators blocked another site, vb.ly; its main feature was that it does not filter out, or post warnings to, links with adult content.

What if Libya suddenly decides to pull the plug on other successful sites like bit.ly due to disagreements over content it points to?

What will then happen to your link archive and your Twitter messages (short) linking to other web sites?

Can linguistical gimmicks accidental.ly interfere with the freedom of expression?

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Storytelling Three Ways

1 Storybird

Collaborative storytelling; short, art-inspired stories you make to share, read, and print. Create your own story at www.storybird.com!

2 Smories

A continuous flow of new stories, read aloud by kids. Listen to and submit “smories” at www.smories.com

3 36pages

36 isn’t very many pages—unless you make picture books. Get inspired by Craig Frazier’s reviews at www.36pages.com

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Writing with 8pen

Producing a character is easy, fast, and feels like hand-writing. Once familiar with the position of the letters, writing can even be done without viewing.

[yframe url=’https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3OuCR0EpGo’]

Putting the old keyboard on small touch screens is a typical locked-in-phenomenon when hardware evolves but the underlying ideas don’t follow. This may produce really frustrating experiences; remember Ellen’s iPhone parody?

[yframe url=’https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ulN_Xuoxzg4′]

Fortunately a touch enabled device is by definition a quite flexible user interface. Now the people at 8pen came up with a great idea. Forget the concept of pressing buttons on a keyboard to type in your thoughts. 8pen is reinventing keyboards and handwriting at once, combining gestures, 4 sectors and 1 button to produce a character on a touch screen.

It’s not your fingers that are too big, it’s the keyboard that is out of date.

Thank you 8pen for putting it correctly!

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Paris vs NYC

A visual but friendly match between those two cities seen by a lover of Paris wandering through New York’s infinite details, clichés and contradictions.

Paris vs NYC - Pierre de taille vs Brick
(c) Vahram Muratyan - parisvsnyc.blogspot.com

Vahram Muratyan, a curious mind and talented designer, reduced the differences between Big Apple and the City of Light to the essential. As a result he shows us great visualizations of urban lifestyle on both sides of the Atlantic. I appreciate his minimalist approach amongst all those overloaded infographics of our days.

It would be interesting to see other cities matched, too. Berlin could be especially funny, with “Mietskaserne”, “Kaffee Latte”, “Trinkgeld”, “Grünanlagen”, “Mülltrennung” etc.

For many more matches between the two cities have a look at parisvsnyc.blogspot.com and follow @parisvsnyc on Twitter!

Paris vs NYC - Espresso vs Americano
(c) Vahram Muratyan - parisvsnyc.blogspot.com
Paris vs NYC - Pourboire vs Tip
(c) Vahram Muratyan - parisvsnyc.blogspot.com
Paris vs NYC - Espace vert vs Go green
(c) Vahram Muratyan - parisvsnyc.blogspot.com
Paris vs NYC - Tri sélectif vs Recycling
(c) Vahram Muratyan - parisvsnyc.blogspot.com
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